Internet social media is a key space in which the memorial resources of social movements, including the stories and knowledge of previous generations, are organised, disseminated, and reinterpreted. This is especially important for movements such as feminism, which places great emphasis on the transmission of an intangible cultural legacy between its different generations or waves, which are conformed through these cultural transmissions. In this sense, several authors have highlighted the importance of social media and hashtivism in shaping the fourth wave of feminism that has been taking place in recent years (e.g., #metoo).
The aim of this article is to present to the scientific community a hybrid methodological proposal for the network and content analysis of audiences and their interactions on Twitter: we will do so by describing and evaluating the results of different research we have carried out in the field of feminist hashtivism. Structural analysis methods such as social network analysis have demonstrated their capacity to be applied to the analysis of social media interactions as a mixed methodology, that is, both quantitative and qualitative. This article shows the potential of a specific methodological process that combines inductive and inferential reasoning with hypothetico-deductive approaches. By applying the methodology developed in the case studies included in the article, it is shown that these two modes of reasoning work best when they are used together.
Follow the reading
emergence of social media has provided footballers a novel and highly effective means of reaching out to and interacting with followers. This new twist in the relationship between players and fans has sparked recent debate (Cleland, 2009) on players’ attempts to connect with sports audiences and publicize their brand images via Twitter (Hutchins, 2011).
This research analyses aspects of the Twitter behaviour of the five football players who compete in the major European leagues with the greatest number of Twitter followers such as how these athletes relate to their fans, who they talk to and what they talk about via this medium in order to determine how these individuals use Twitter to build personal brands and forge deeper connections between themselves and the clubs they play for and fans.Content analysis was used to detect message dissemination patterns and identify the main protagonists of Twitter conversations examined. Semantic networks and hashtag use were also analysed to identify significant correlations between words. NodeXL, one of the most widely employed open code software programs in social network analysis was used for this part of the analysis (Hansen, Shneiderman & Smith, 2010). One of the main uses they make of Twitter is linked to self-promotion. In addition, the profiles of these football players often support solidarity initiatives and campaigns.
The emergence of social media altered the relation between journalism and the public in digital media and bequeathed the relationship a more active and collaborative role. As such, the general objective of this research is to characterise the dialogue between digital journalists and their audiences through social media and to describe how they perceive the consequences of this relationship. To this end, a survey was conducted with 73 digital journalists. The results display an ambivalent attitude on the part of the professionals regarding the use of social media as a tool for dialogue with their audiences. On one hand, they believe that using them is a priority need to maintain a fluid relationship with readers, although they mainly lean toward a majority one-way and limited use of them and believe that media managers have mainly perceived participation as a channel to garner audience loyalty and increase audiences.
Follow the reading
The traditional division and hierarchy of the different areas of knowledge in the field of science has also been transferred to the study of science journalism, which has given priority to certain areas, and has shown a superior interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). In this context, the objective of this study has been to analyze the presence of social sciences and humanities in online media, based on the idea that, given their characteristics, they are ideal tools for scientific journalism, since they allow the inclusion of new topics.
The results indicate that the presence of social sciences and humanities is less than that of hard sciences and increases one of every three pieces of information analyzed being history and economics as the most present topics. The data also indicate that the news on the social sciences and the humanities is to be used to a greater extent as sources of authority, with a more dispersed presence in different sections. On the contrary, the results of investigations in the areas of science, technology, engineering or mathematics have greater news value, and appear with greater frequency in the specific section of each media. Throughout, the prominence of social sciences and the humanities tends to be diluted in the pages of the media in relation to the rest of the scientific disciplines.
paper analyses the possibilities for innovation in the teaching of web journalism based on two international cooperative projects involving a convergence of programs and methodologies. This article examines how, in their most advanced stage, Brazilian, Portuguese and Basque students organized themselves in working groups to cooperate and jointly develop, in English, in depth journalistic and multimedia coverage, some of them, even with a transmedia perspective.
The results allow us to evaluate the advantages and difficulties of cooperative and virtual teaching learning processes that seek to promote the internationalisation of media and communication students in Ibero-America.
Since their emergence in the mid-90s, online media have evolved from simple digital editions that merely served to dump content from print newspapers, to sophisticated multi-format products with multimedia and interactive features.
In order to discover their visual evolution, this article conducts a longitudinal study of the design of online media by analyzing the front pages of five general-information Spanish newspapers (elpais.com, elmundo.es, abc.es, lavanguardia.com, and elperiodico.com) over the past 25 years (1996-2020). Moreover, some of their current features are listed. To this end, six in-depth interviews were conducted with managers of different online media outlets. The results indicate that the media analysed have evolved from a static, rigid format, to a dynamic, mobile, and multi-format model. Regarding the language used, along with increased multimedia and interactive possibilities, Spanish online media currently display a balance between text and images on their front pages. Lastly, audience information consumption habits, largely superficial and sporadic, and the increasing technification and speed of production processes, means that news media have lost in terms of the design part of the individual personality they had in their print editions. However, they maintain their index-type front pages as one of their most characteristic elements, which are very vertical and highly saturated.
Follow the reading
Digital social networks not only spread useful content,but also contribute to spreading false information thatcontributes to the misinformation of society in diffe-rent geographical, political and cultural contexts. Digital fact-checking agencies are seen as an effective remedyagainst this problem, along with other possibilities orstrategies, such as the exclusion of content and the demone-tization of propagators. In consideration of the impact of theCOVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic in Brazil, thisarticle investigates the importance given by the fact-chec-king agencies of that country, Fato ou Fake and Lupa, to theirverification of false news on the COVID-19. If during the initialperiods of spread of the disease in January and February2020, the verifications did not reach 20% of the informa-tion material generated, as of March, the verifications wereintensified in relation to the pandemic, reaching an averageof approximately two posts per day.
Follow the reading
With the expansion of connected devices (tablets, smartphones, etc.), a leap in multiplatform technologies is occurring, bringing about changes in many areas of the communications professions. In this context, values based on flexible, multiplatform, cooperative work that takes the audience into consideration are increasingly important. Professional photography coexists with — and is even rivaled by — images taken by citizens, which are often used by the mass media. For that reason the need is greater than ever for photographers and graphic professionals who, in one way or another, adapt to the new media.
Using a multiple case study method, this article examines the digital resources used by photographers who have won a World Press Photo Award. It studies the ways in which they exploit the medium, extending the photographic narrative beyond the website, to promote themselves and their personal brand. The results show photographers’ preference for unidirectional communication models and superimposed strategies that have limited engagement and viralisation. The acquisition of digital expertise by photojournalists is at an intermediary stage, since the cases analyzed reveal that these professionals’ web 2.0 activity is limited or underexploited.
Follow the reading