The politics and poetics of migrant narratives

European Journal of cultural studies

Serving as the introduction to the special issue on ‘Migrant narratives’, this article proposes a multi-perspectival and multi-stakeholder analysis of how migration is narrated in the media in the last decade. This research agenda is developed by focussing on groups of actors that are commonly studied in isolation from each other: (1) migrants, (2) media professionals such as journalists and spokespersons from humanitarian organizations, (3) governments and corporations and (4) artists and activists. We take a relational approach to recognize how media power is articulated alongside a spectrum of more top-down and more bottom-up perspectives, through specific formats, genres and styles within and against larger frameworks of governmentality. Taken together, the poetics and politics of migrant narratives demand attention respectively for how stakeholders variously aesthetically present and politically represent migration. The opportunities, challenges, problems and commitments observed among the four groups of actors also provide the means to rethink our practice and responsibilities as media and migration scholars contributing to decentring media technologies and re-humanizing migrants.

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Female Candidate Word: The Limited Gender Impact on the Electoral Discourse in Twitter

journalThumbnail_es_ESThis research develops a descriptive analysis of the topics promoted on Twitter by lehendakari candidates during the cybercampaign of the Basque Autonomous elections of September 2016. To this end, the study includes four categories of framing and three discursive strategies that have been analyzed in 411 messages from the front-runners of the five formations that obtained parliamentary
representation. The candidates have had an unequal activity on Twitter, although in all cases the policy issues have been the most common frame. It has not been possible to establish a relationship between the sex of the candidates and the issues addressed. Likewise, the presence of the gender perspective has been almost testimonial in its messages. For all these reasons, the study points out the contradiction between the institutionalized approach of the political parties and that of their candidates.

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The transmedia initiatives of the Basque public broadcaster (EITB) to connect with young audiences

XI

Transforming the Basque Public Radio and Television Broadcaster (EITB) into a transversal, digital and transmedia group has been a long process. This was initiated a decade ago with the Digibat Plan (2000-2007) and took shape as a result of grouping EITB’s radio, television and web newsrooms into a new digitalized headquarters, symbol of a new stage for this public broadcaster. At present, EITB is immersed in a context of changes in which European public radio and televisions are adapting to the multiplatform and transmedia ecosystem and exploring new trends to connect, primarily, with the young audiences. This paper thus focuses on the case of Euskal Irrati Telebista (EITB), a communication group that has been developing since the 2010 year innovative large scale productions useful for getting a better insight into the Basque language and culture through transmedia narratives. Based on a qualitative methodology of content analysis and in-depth interviews with media professionals, the study examines the most outstanding transmedia audiovisual productions of EITB in order to determine the characteristics and the main obstacles overtaken by the Basque public broadcaster in order to produce interactive journalistic proposals.

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Feminist hashtag activism in Spain: measuring the degree of politicisation of online discourse on #YoSíTeCreo, #HermanaYoSíTeCreo, #Cuéntalo y #NoEstásSola

C&S30years

The use of Twitter as a tool for mobilisation has made digital social and political activism a growing area of interest in communication research. Scholars have underscored the effectiveness of Twitter in galvanising the opinion of broad sectors of the public and expressing the indignation of average citizens on issues of social concern (Bruns et al., 2015; Martínez, 2017). The rise of feminist social media activism has prompted a number of studies on the feminist movement’s use of hashtags to foster online conversations on specific issues (Jinsook, 2017; Turley & Fisher, 2018; etc.). This article examines the correlation between the degree of ideological commitment amongst social media users and the nature of their Twitter conversations on a given issue. The analysis focuses on Twitter conversations generated by feminists, influencers, journalists and politicians in reaction to the controversial sentencing of the Wolf Pack (La Manada) –a gang of men involved in a sexual assault perpetrated during the San Fermín festival in Pamplona. Big data techniques were used to explore the nature of messages containing four highly charged hashtags central to feminist discourse on this issue: #YoSiTeCreo (Yes, I believe you), #HermanaYoSíTeCreo (Yes, sister, I believe you), #Cuéntalo (Talk about it) and #NoEstásSola (You are not alone). Our findings indicate that the levels of ideological commitment of Twitter users participating in what was essentially a feminist conversation varied to an extent that impeded serious interaction amongst them, either online or offline. From the perspective of communication strategy, feminist hashtag activism would appear to be an intermediate step in a longer process of creating a higher consciousness regarding gender equality issues in Spain.

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Political Communication in times of a New Political Culture

cover_issue_48_es_ESThe process of globalisation and its clear communicative, cultural and political effects are greatly affecting two relatively new concepts in academic research, specifically Political Communication and Political Culture. The relationship between these concepts is increasingly interdependent as the tools and languages of Political Communication strongly influence the formation of the New Political Culture, and in turn, citizen activity through digital communication tools is conditioning the generation of content and the creation of discourse which take shape in the form of Political Communication.
We believe that to understand the reasons for this relationship it is necessary to establish, firstly, the characteristics of the New Political Culture, and secondly, the way in which the possibilities offered by technology transform the generation and transmission of Political Communication. Possibly the newest aspect of this relationship is that it has a two-way nature, altering the classical roles of the communication process that clearly distinguishes transmitters and receivers. This new aspect constitutes global evidence and is felt in a very similar way in all western representative democracies.
This work endeavours to describe and analyse this emerging scenario which has taken shape as another of the transformations which are occurring in advanced societies, and to identify some trends which, in all cases, are subject to the accelerated change of our time.

Scope and Difficulties of the Transmedia Practice. A Case Study on the Spanish PSM System

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According to a growing volume of academic literature on the subject, transmedia fiction and non-fiction production is now one of the main areas driving innovation in media companies, thanks to the improvements it brings in numerous interconnected fields: narrative and content, management and productive strategy, brand promotion, etc. In this context the article focuses on transmedia linked to public broadcasting companies, starting with a qualitative study based on interviews with expert professionals from thirteen corporations in Spain, one operating at the national level (RTVE) and twelve at the regional level (A Punt Media, CARTV, CCMA, CRTVG, CMM, EITB, EPRTVIB, RTVM, RTPA, RTVA, RTRM and RTVC). The results show how professionals view the concept of transmedia production, its advantages, disadvantages and the challenges it poses, which depend on these corporations’ service and relationship with audiences. As the conclusions state, the keys factors for understanding the professional transmedia strategy of public broadcasting corporations are found in the characteristics of today’s media market, which is suffering from budget cuts and growing competition.

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The university teaching of cyberjournalism in Brazil and Spain: formative responses and future challenges in convergent and social context

imagen OBS observatorio
Brazil and Spain are two Iberoamerican countries that have evidenced up to date one of the highest dynamisms in the online professional and scholar fields. Taking into account the consolidation in the last years of social journalism and media convergence tendencies, this article analyses how online journalism teaching is currently being developed in six of the most relevant public and private universities of Brazil and Spain. The study aims to gain a depth insight into the response that University education is giving to the current and future needs of a society increasingly interconnected and influenced by technology, and thus more and more convergent and social. With this purpose, the study uses a methodological approach based on the analysis of several teaching curriculums in Grade and Posgrade, apart from considering the opinions of teachers in charge of online journalism subjects in both countries. The results provide specific data about training models, denomination of the courses and subjects, curricular development options, current theoretical and practical approach to online journalism related subjects and future challenges and opportunities. It was concluded that the professional change promoted at different levels by the processes of media convergence and the assimilation of the 2.0 productive routines has promoted a progressive adaptation of the Brazilian and Spanish curricula in terms of diversification, transversality and specialization. In these curricula, teaching around cyberjournalism responds to the need for journalists for an increasingly broader education.

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Radio in the Basque Country: A tool for cross-cultural dialogue, multiculturalism and social integration

ECREA

This paper examines the strategies used by the Bilbao-based radio station Radio Candela and how they have progressively created a space for intercultural exchange for the Basque–Latin American community within the public sphere of the greater Bilbao metropolitan area. The main objective of this study is to identify and evaluate the approaches the station has developed and employed for creating a medium of inclusion through cross-cultural programming and activities—residencies and workshops in public schools—in order to foster a multicultural dialogue and integration within the immigrant communities in Bilbao. The station’s major achievement is thoroughly studied which consists of the creation of a multi- ethnic comparsa (festival group) into Bilbao’s Semana Grande, a major eight-day city-wide festival celebrated at the end of every August. The Basque Country provides a fitting scenario for a study on immigrant-focused media due to its socio-cultural context within Europe and Spain and the marked differences between the cultural traits and traditions of the region, making it an exemplary place to analyze an ethnic radio station’s strategies thriving in a complex linguistic landscape. Qualitative analysis techniques have been applied to define what Radio Candela has done to build spaces of inclusion and to identify specific points of encounter and confrontation between the Latin-American community and the local residents. However, further future examinations will need to be carried out to fully determine the station’s true intersectionality.

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Airtime Takes the Street: Intersectionality and Space Making through Cross-Media and Cross-Cultural Initiatives

Future of Journalism 2019This paper examines the strategies used by the Bilbao-based radio station Radio Candela and how they have progressively created a space for intercultural exchange for the Basque–Latin American community within the public sphere of the greater Bilbao metropolitan area. The main objective of this study is to identify and evaluate the approaches the station has developed and employed for creating a medium of inclusion through cross-cultural programming and activities—residencies and workshops in public schools—in order to foster a multicultural dialogue and integration within the immigrant communities in Bilbao. The station’s major achievement is thoroughly studied which cons

ists of the creation of a multi-ethnic comparsa (festival group) into Bilbao’s Great Week Festival, a major eight-day city-wide festival celebrated at the end of every August. The Basque Country provides a fitting scenario for a study on immigrant-focused media due to its socio-cultural context within Europe and Spain and the marked differences between the cultural traits and traditions of the region, making it an exemplary place to analyze an ethnic radio station’s strategies thriving in a complex linguistic landscape. Qualitative analysis techniques have been applied to define what Radio Candela has done to build spaces of inclusion and to identify specific points of encounter and co

nfrontation between the Latin-American community and the local residents. Results demonstrate that although a dialogue between opposing communities promoted by a medium and that has reached the streets of the city has begun, there is still a lack of more systematic and less anecdotal strategies for a true intersectionality.

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Digital Conversation and Hierarchical Clusters around Brexit in Spain and the United Kingdom

Cardiff

The Brexit is an issue that is attracting the interest of the media for the historical consequences it may have for Europe. Every day there is news about the negotiations between London and Brussels to manage the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union. According to a study carried out by the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism of the University of Oxford together with the consultancy PRIME Research, in many countries, the media have adopted a neutral position when reporting on the Brexit negotiations. However, the results of the study reflect that the Spanish media showed a position contrary to the separation, unlike the British press that played an important role in the triumph of Brexit (Gómez, 2017).

This research is based on an analysis of social networks around Brexit (Polonski, 2016). It focuses on the discourse analysis and studies the tweets and responses about the departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union published in that country respectively and in Spain in the last few months in which a large part of the speeches has been created on the Brexit. This work uses the DMI-TCAT software for the extraction of tweets (Borra and Raider, 2014), and leaves aside the structural analysis of networks and is oriented towards a hierarchical clusters research – method of analysis of specific groups- which seeks to build a hierarchy of groups and leaders to identify them.

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